We had some stained cabinets and doors that were being painted "Snowbound" white. Here are the steps that I take to ensure high quality work and a beautiful finish.
1st. Mask everything in the garage and set up a booth to sand and spray the cabinets and doors.
2nd. Sand the clear coat off with a 220 grit sand paper. The goal is to remove the clear coat without scratching the wood beneath it. (Video #1 & #2)
3rd. Set up the cabinet doors and the full size doors (Video #3) and wipe them down to make sure they are dust free in order to ensure the surface is ready to accept the primer.
4th. Load the sprayer with an oil blocking primer. I prefer to use a water based primer (Smart Prime). This is an easy to use, low VOC primer that will bond on latex and oil based surfaces, while also being easy to clean out of your sprayer because it is water based.
5th. Spray 2 coats of primer on the back of the cabinet doors (Video #4) and on the standing doors. I like to use a low pressure, fine finish tip (312) to make sure that I limit my over-spray as well as not apply too much product. When the primer has cured on the backs of the cabinet doors, flip them and proceed to apply 2 coats on the front of them.
6th. Once the primer is fully cured on both the front and back of the cabinet doors as well as all of the inlays of the standing doors, use the 220 grit sandpaper to scuff sand the faces (simply knocking down rough spots). This is a very light sanding process.
7th. Wipe the dust off the doors from sanding to ensure the smoothest finish as possible.
8th. Clear the primer out of the sprayer and load up the paint of choice. I prefer to use a great Sherwin-Williams product (Emerald Enamel) although other quality products range from the "Pro-Classic" and "Multi Surface Enamel", These products will allow for durability as well as a beautiful finish.
9th. With the same 312 tip in the sprayer apply a quick cover coat on the back of the cabinet doors and a full coat on the standing doors.
10th. When the paint has dried, repeat light sanding process on the back of the cabinet doors as needed (may not be needed on doors that did not collect dust while drying).
11th. Apply final coat on the back of the cabinet doors.
12th. When the paint has cured flip the cabinet doors and give the front face a light sand with the 220 sand paper.
13th. Wipe cabinet doors.
14th. Still using the 312 tip spray a cover coat on the cabinet doors.
15th. When the first coat has fully dried it is time to give the standing doors their final light sanding session as well as the front cabinet faces.
16th. Wipe down all surfaces to prepare for the final coat and make sure there is as little dust on the cabinet and doors.
17th. Spray the final coat on the cabinet doors as well as the full doors.
After the final coat is applied allow the doors to dry overnight so the paint can fully cure and harden. The doors are ready to be hung and will have a smooth beautiful finish.